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Election Canada, It’s Still a Toss-Up

The Canadian election, happening Monday, October 21, 2019 is still too close to call.  There are several factors that make it so.  I’m not a political writer, but several non-Canadians readers have asked, so here’s my take on Canada’s election.  I apologize for the length of this article up front.  You might want to grab a cup of coffee.

A month ago, it looked like the Liberals had an excellent chance of maintaining Canadian’s favour.  What’s happened in the last few weeks?  The campaign and televised debates have helped the New Democrats in much of Canada and the Block Party in Quebec – which has taken votes away from the Liberals and the Conservatives.

A little background, for those of you who don’t know much about Canadian politics:  Although we have more political parties, only 6 actually have members of parliament so those are the ones I will address:  The Conservatives, the Liberals, the New Democratic Party, the Green Party, the Bloc Quebecois, and the People’s Party.  Actually, a party must have 12 members in the House of Commons to be ‘recognized’ by parliament.  Only the Conservatives, Liberals and NDP fit the criteria; however that may change this election as both the Green Party and the Bloc Quebecois are within striking distance.

The Conservatives are right wing.  Their platform is mostly economical with a plan of $35 billion in cuts and the aim to erase the deficit, partially by cutting foreign aid.  They are pro oil and pipelines, hence the support of most of our western provinces.  They oppose a ban on guns and have dismissed any program, suggested by other parties, to reduce or waive the cost of pharmaceuticals.  They haven’t said much about climate change, but they have promised to scrap the Liberal Party’s carbon tax imposed on businesses that have no carbon reduction plan. The party is lead by Andrew Scheer.  The two issues that have recently questioned his character are that he claimed to have once been an insurance broker whereas he only worked as a clerk in an insurance company and that he apparently holds dual citizenship with the United States.  Scheer is pro life and when recently asked by a reporter to name one policy that shows he supports women’s rights, he couldn’t name any.

The Liberals, are mid-to-left wing.  They want to increase immigration and implement a national ban of semi-automatic weapons and give support to cities to ban or restrict hand guns.  They want to reduce the cost of pharmaceuticals.  Experts (as in several articles published by scientists and economists) say the Liberal plan on fighting climate change is the most feasible.  The Liberals stopped the building of two pipelines, but have endeavored to build one from the west to the Pacific Ocean, saying that they will work with Indigenous People and use the profits to combat climate change.  The party is lead by Justin Trudeau.  Trudeau has visibly lead Canada for the last 4 years, handing out winter coats to Syrian refugees at the airport, attending the Paris Accord, standing up to Trump during the trade negotiations, marching in Vancouver’s and Toronto’s Pride Parades (the first Prime Minister to do so) and meeting with Greta Thunberg.  The two issues that have put Trudeau’s character in question are his blackface appearances 20 years ago for costume parties and when he placed pressure on the then Attorney General to spare SNC-Lavalin criminal conviction.  He’s accepted responsibility for both, apologizing profusely for the former and claiming he was trying to save Canadian jobs for the latter.

The NDP are left-wing, some say socialist.  Although there’s never been an NDP Prime Minister, the party has had many influential leaders – most notably Tommy Douglas (yes, Keifer Sutherland’s grandfather) a human rights supporter who lead the New Democratic Party’s introduction of Canada’s universal health care plan.  Today’s NDP platform includes implementing free pharmaceuticals, free university and college tuition as well as creating a national strategy for dementia and tax credits for caregivers.  They want to improve on the Liberal platform for climate change and increase immigration.  The party is led by Jagmeet Singh.  Before the campaign, Singh was not well-known and some Canadians have had a hard time imagining a turban-wearing Prime Minister.  However, Singh has proven to be a skilled public speaker – genuine, intelligent, quick-thinking and charming.  He and his party are proving to be the ‘spanner in the works’.

The Green Party, also left-wing, bases their platform on six core values: social justice, ecological wisdom, respect for diversity, grassroots democracy, peace and non-violence, and sustainability.  Their main cry to battle has been to fight climate change aggressively.  Although they only have 2 seats in Parliament, their voice has been a catalyst in the way Canadians think about our environment and climate change.  There are many more Canadians that agree that climate change is the most important issue than will actually vote for the Green Party, likely because they also believe that the Green Party doesn’t have the knowledge or experience to run the other aspects of government.  Nevertheless they have proven to be an effective devil’s advocate.  The Green Party is lead by Elizabeth May, who would not be Canada’s first female Prime Minister.  She is a lawyer and has been an environmentalist since the 1970s.  She is a lawyer, well-spoken and passionate.

The Bloc Quebecois is the anomaly in terms of national political parties because they are devoted to Quebec nationalism and the promotion of its sovereignty.  Strange, I know, but those of us who live in Canada understand that Quebec has always been ‘different’.  Surprisingly, last election, they won 10 seats in parliament.  And, based on a strong performance in the televised debates by their leader, Yves François Blanchet, have increased momentum in the polls.

The People’s Party, considered a fringe party by most, is extreme right-wing.  They were recently formed by past Conservative Party member Maxime Bernier.  They want to balance the budget, reduce immigration and focus on only skilled immigrants, encourage oil and gas industries to grow, and withdraw from the Paris Accord.  Bernier finagled his way into the televised debate and really should not have been there because he had been elected as a Conservative.  He didn’t win any brownie points, was consistently attacking and being attacked and over-speaking.  With no seats in parliament, it is unlikely the People’s Party will have any affect on the upcoming election.

That’s the playing field and we’re in the last inning.  Trudeau is still out there reminding folks of the good he’s done in the last 4 years and insisting that Scheer will cut necessary services.  Scheer is still claiming that Trudeau’s not fit to be our leader.  Elizabeth May and Jagmeet Singh are focusing on social change.  What could happen on Election Day?  Based on how Elizabeth May and Jagmeet Singh performed on the campaign trail and the televised debate polls indicate a rise in both of their left-wing parties.  Canadians could vote with their hearts. The result would mean fewer votes for the Liberals.  In addition, Quebecers could vote for the Bloc Quebecois, taking more votes away from the Liberals.  That means there is a real chance that the Conservatives could win the election.

There is always the chance that Canadians, regardless of whatever party they like, will strategically vote Liberal just to ensure the Conservatives don’t win. 

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Shedding Light on a Very Dark Topic – Part 2

October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month in the United States.  It’s November in Canada.  I don’t know why the difference, but it lends itself to me writing about it for the next few weeks.  In the U.S. statistics say that three out of four people know someone who is or has been a victim of domestic violence.  In Canada half of all women have experienced at least one incident of physical or sexual violence.  Of course, abuse against children and men is despicable, I am writing herein about the abuse women experience from men – only because that has been my personal experience.

Each year in Canada 40,000 arrests are a result of domestic violence.  That’s 12% of all violent crime.  So if you consider that 70% of spousal abuse is never reported to the police (Statistics Canada) the true numbers are much higher.  It’s pandemic and we’re not doing much about it.

The cost of violence against women in Canada for health care, criminal justice, social services, and lost wages and productivity has been calculated at $4.2 billion per year.  Basically, we’re paying for the aftermath rather than putting our dollars into prevention. Lots of money and effort have been put into awareness: Articles have been written, websites created, campaigns launched.  And yet our society fails at the real change required.  What can you do?

  1. Be aware and speak up.  Take notice of what goes on around you.  Just like on the TV show, “What Would You Do?” – intervene when you see a situation where someone is being sexist, dominant, or abusive.  In our polite society, we have a tendency to not get involved, but you might just be teaching someone a lesson or at least shining the light on how poorly they’re behaving.
  2. Learn the signs of abuse.  It starts with control.  Do you know anyone whose partner manages all of the money?  Do you know a woman whose husband tells her how to dress or won’t let her go out with her girlfriends?  Google domestic violence and abuse and read about the signs.
  3. We can all start by raising our children differently than we have in the past.  Make sure your little girls have interests other than princess movies where the damsel in distress needs a prince to come and rescue her.  Make sure your little boys have interests other than playing games that involve a lot of destruction.  Get them interested in nature and teach them kindness.
  4. Vote for political candidates whose platform includes women’s rights, equality and feminism.

Our world will only be a better place for our children and grandchildren if we lead the way.

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Shedding Light on a Very Dark Topic – Part One

Now known as the Toronto Van Attack, where on April 23, 2018, a vile man purposefully drove a rented van into the sidewalks of Yonge Street in Greater Toronto killing 10 people is in the news again because the Toronto Police have released video of the man’s interrogation interview.  CBC only released small portions of the video citing respect for the victims and their families and I will not even print the man’s name herein.

What we need to be aware of is that this man killed 10 and seriously wounded 16 people because of his hatred for women.  Just before the attack, he posted on Facebook, “The Incel Rebellion has already begun.”  Incels (involuntary celibates) are subculture brotherhood of men who hate women because they have been unsuccessful in gaining their positive attention – specifically have been unable to get laid.  As Barbara Perry, a criminologist specializing in hate crime at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, told The Fifth Estate “…they think they have some inborn inherent right and privilege to access women and women’s bodies…” during their research for their January 21, 2019 episode The Lone Wolf.

The Fifth Estate piece was named The Lone Wolf because more often than not, these horrific violent attacks, when not immediately linked to terrorism are labeled by the police and media as arbitrary, senseless, one-off acts of mentally ill individuals without any purpose.  In fact, this is not true.  Many of these offenders have found online groups of other men who feel they have been alienated by attractive women whose attention is given to attractive men.  Ergo, they hate all women and some even encourage violence against them.  They are driven by an ideology – a resistance against feminism which in their perception doesn’t value men.  This is pretty scary stuff.

What’s the takeaway?  How can we prevent this from happening?  Well, first, recognize that there are misogynistic groups who target the lonely, the bullied, and society’s outcasts.  It starts in our schools.  We can work to be more connected to each child that may feel excluded, promote inclusiveness, or simply encourage your child to say, “Hello” to a classmate.  Second, we can encourage our police, media and politicians to call out these horrific incidents for what they are:  Extreme right wing example of violence, a form of terrorism.  And, thirdly, we can do like the D’Amico family:  Focus on doing some good.

Anne Marie D’Amico was one of the victims of the Toronto Van Attack.  Anne Marie was a vibrant woman who volunteered her time and put her heart into everything she did.  The family launched the Anne Marie D’Amico Foundation to help women affected by violence.  This year their focus is the Turtle Project, a fund-raising event to benefit the North York Women’s Shelter.  They are presenting a celebration at the Meridian Arts Centre on December 3, 2019.  To read more, donate, or buy tickets, click here: https://www.damicofoundation.org/

Shedding light on the topic of violence against women is the beginning of ending it.

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Understanding People

I get along with most people. Of course there are those I prefer to spend time with and those I avoid. I shoot straight from the hip and expect everyone else to do so as well. So, typically, I take things at face value. Every now and then, though, I find myself pondering human behavior. “Why did he do that?” or “What was she thinking?

I’m thankful that I took a few psychology courses in my youth and have been exposed to several psychologists’ theories in my work. What follows is really a synopsis of those with my own personal views.

Most human behaviour stems from the individual’s psychological needs. The definition of one’s psychological needs varies from expert to expert. One might define them as ‘belonging, power, freedom and fun’ or another might say psychological needs are ‘variety, significance, love, growth certainty and contribution’. In dealing with people every day, it doesn’t really matter how you label them. My point is that people’s words and actions usually have a deep connection to their psychological need. So, the real question one should ask is “What are they really looking for?” Is it to be included or excluded? Is it to have a good time? Is it to feel good about themselves? Is it to be respected? Is it to be in control?

Sometimes, it’s really easy to help others out by providing them with what they seek to satisfy these needs. Spend time with them or leave them alone. Play along with them. Pay them a compliment. Let them take the lead. The caution is to know when to draw the line – especially with someone who needs to be in control.

Learning to get along with everyone involves understanding that people’s communication styles and psychological needs are different; and that understanding cannot include any prejudice. I might enjoy being with people and want to be included, but I appreciate that some people prefer to be alone. I don’t think any less of them.

So, the next time someone does or says something strange to you, explore the root causes and their underlying motivation before reacting. Your world might be happier.

Climate Change Activist in Canada

There are few topics these days where one’s political preference is best put on the back burner: Saving our environment is definitely one of them. So, politics aside, I am proud that this Canadian world leader did the polite thing and met with Greta Thunberg today; especially when others wouldn’t even glance her way.

Since he’s been in office, Prime Minister Trudeau has signed the Paris Agreement, implemented a carbon tax, and most recently promised to plant 2 billion trees; but that’s not enough. World acclaimed climate change activist Greta doesn’t pull any punches, so she told him just that.

Back to politics: In Canada we actually have a Green Party. That befuddles me. Shouldn’t every party be green?

Survivors of Grief

For most of my life, I thought grief was connected solely to death: how one feels after the loss of a loved one.  It was not until I visited a psychiatrist when I was 60 years old that I understood grief is a reaction to loss which doesn’t necessarily include death.  I sought the advice of a psychiatrist about 6 months after I had left my 22 year marriage.  Although verbally, emotionally and financially abusive for years the relationship had only been violent on one night – and that was the catalyst to spur my leaving immediately.  I left behind, and thus effectively lost, my relationship, my home, most of my belongings, and (temporarily) my retirement dream.

I told the psychiatrist I doubted my mental state. I wondered if I was suffering from depression, or anxiety, or PTSD.  After asking some questions and listening to me for about 45 minutes, he said, “You have shown signs of PTSD, but it sounds to me like you’ve built a network to help you through your symptoms. You are doing all of the right things. You’ve researched on your own, you’ve gone for therapy, you’ve reached out to people, you’re getting exercise and eating well and you’re taking care of your mother. I see no signs of depression. What you need to do now is give yourself a break.  Be kind to yourself.  You are grieving.”  Prior to hearing these words, I hadn’t thought of my condition as ‘grieving’ per se.

Grief can be caused by the death of a loved one.  It can also be the result of loss of physical ability, way of life, familiar surroundings, or hope for the future.  Following the end of an abusive relationship, a lot of business is left unfinished, including: unsettled disputes, the possible discrediting of your character, and unanswered questions. You’re left hanging, unable to complete your relationship with your abuser and feeling stuck in the pain of your grief.  It is grieving.  It’s best to recognize it for what it is.

There is no “average” or “normal” time frame for moving through grief.  Every person is different.  So, how does one stop grieving?  The grieving never really stops.  Who is to say it should?  It just fades as new memories replace the old ones.  You don’t “move on” from the loss, you move forward with it.  Whether it’s a loved one who has passed away, a divorce or other circumstances; every family holiday can revive those feelings of loss. We all have our “baggage”, events in our life, typically those that had a negative impact, which we carry with us.   A new home, a new job, new friends, new relationships all help.  With time new memories start to replace the old. 

Sometimes, particularly if you feel stuck in overwhelming grief, you have to force the issue.  You may need to seek out your own way by creating some form of “ritual” for closure: a divorce party, a symbolic burning of old papers and photographs, or whatever you can think of.  Sometimes it takes consciously focusing on the present and future rather than the past.  Sometimes it takes consciously remembering the good in the past – those golden moments – rather than the bad or sad.  Sometimes it takes expressing to others how you feel.  Sometimes it takes listening to others as they express their grief just to acknowledge that they’ve been heard and understood.  Sometimes it takes thought or prayer to be thankful for where you are now and who and what is in your life.  Be kind to yourself. 

Remembering Mom Part 3 – How to Help Your Dementia Loved One

Realizing your parent or any loved one may have dementia is a tough one.  I live with the regretful feeling that I should have recognized it sooner.  At the time I was absorbed with my own life drama, but that’s no excuse.  My hope is that what I learned as a daughter, observer and eventual full-time caregiver will help someone else in their journey.

  1. Learn to differentiate between memory loss and dementia.  All of us can be forgetful at times – more so when we age.  Dementia includes such behaviours such as confusion with what season or year it is, forgetting important events, and taking much longer to do familiar things.
  2. Develop your awareness.  This may sound basic, but I realized that I could no longer view my mother as independent.  In much the same way one consciously and subconsciously is in tune with what their baby or child is up to, one must again tap into that mindset.  If you’ve never been a parent yourself, this might take some effort; but it can be accomplished.
  3. Involve experts.  Most cities have an Alzheimer’s Society and most areas will have social services that offer assistance, direct you to help, or at minimum give you tips on daily living.  In the beginning, when I could leave Mom alone for a few hours, I picked up excellent suggestions like pull the fuse to the oven and microwave.  As time and her illness progressed, I was referred to a Day Program where I could take Mom for 4 hours twice a week. 
  4. Demonstrate your patience.  At the onset of Mom’s illness, I did not recognize her behaviour as an illness.  I shamefully admit that I was less than patient.  In fact, I often expressed my annoyance and even argued with her.  It wasn’t until she started asking questions like “Is my sister Annie dead?” and “How old am I?” that I realized how far from reality her mind had travelled.  It was only then that my empathetic nature kicked in and I was able to let go of my anger and impatience.  I wasn’t mad at her.  I was mad at the disease and the situation.  I was heartbroken late one night when I was working away at the computer and she appeared from her bedroom and asked, “Are my parents dead?”  She was 92 at the time.
  5. Take behaviours in stride and come up with practical solutions.  Here are some examples of what I encountered.  Issue:  I noticed Mom took longer to get dressed.  I ventured into her room while she was getting dressed and saw that she was opening and closing dresser drawers.  She apparently had no clue in which drawer she kept her underwear or what was in any of the drawers.  Solution:  I labeled the drawers.  Then I labeled the kitchen cupboards and closet doors as well. Issue:  A few days later, I meandered into her room to find that she had 7 or 8 outfits laid upon the bed.  She had no idea what the weather/season was, so she couldn’t make a decision.  Solution:  I started helping her make the decision by telling her the activity of the day and making a couple of suggestions, still giving her the choice – much like one might do with a young child.  Issue:  At bedtime, I watched her go back and forth repeatedly from her bedroom to the bathroom.  Only because she had the habit of tapping her toothbrush on the sink to shake off excess water before putting it away did I know she had brushed her teeth.  On this night, I listened and discovered that she had brushed her teeth on each trip.  So I light-heartedly asked, “How many times do you brush your teeth at night?”  She replied, “Just once.”  Solution:  I made up a yellow sticky note that read “I’ve already brushed my teeth tonight” and started putting it on the mirror right after she left the bathroom the first time.
  6. Write things down!  I found myself repeating situations and past events.  So, I started to write little histories for her.  I wrote to her about how my Dad, her parents and siblings had passed away.  Knowing how detail-oriented and organized her personality was, I itemized each with a description and year.  I also wrote about happy memories explaining the lives of my brother, myself and cousins.  I made her a scrapbook of pictures of her life with a little narrative beside each picture.  I’m so thankful I did this because I would often catch her reviewing the letters and papers.  At first she reminisced and later she regarded them almost as if they were about someone else and would ask questions.
  7. Find or build your own support network.  You can’t do it alone.  We need a village to raise a child, and we need a village to care for our elderly.  Seek out others who have loved ones afflicted with dementia and support each other.  Recently wonderful solutions are being designed internationally for long-term care facilities.  When the time came for me to place Mom in a long-term care facility, I did my research and found a wonderful home and was able to confidently let the experts take control.  The decision to place her into a home was difficult and I’m grateful that I had a support network of family, friends and professionals to ease the transition.

May you never have to deal with this, and if you do, may your path be with courage and grace. Bless you.

Autumn Years

I’ll admit to looking at pictures of my highschool classmates on Facebook and comparing hair colour, wrinkles and weight – not in a jealous or mean way, but as an inspiration to stay vibrant.  There are those who look like they’ve given up and there are those who are out mountain climbing, cycling and travelling the world.  It’s the latter I look to for motivation.

Sadly this past week one of my Aquafit ‘gang’ passed away.  There are about 20 of us, I’d say aged 50 – 80 who haunt the local pool every weekday afternoon for laps and a 45 minute class.  The ones who aren’t yet retired are teachers, professors or medical professionals who have a flexible schedule – most are retired.  The time isn’t just about exercise; it’s a social time.  We chat about the latest news, family outings and health issues.  We know who’s there to regain mobility after surgery, who’s battling diabetes and who’s coping with arthritis.  We have a unique camaraderie.  There’s a core group of about 8 who’ve been doing this for 12 years.  It’s one of those members who passed away suddenly after a very brief illness.  He only knew he had cancer for a few weeks.  I didn’t know him for very long, but I’ve spent the last year jogging, paddling with water weights, kicking with noodles and doing jumping jacks with him and his wife.  He had a sparkle in his eye and would purposely splash the ladies knowing full well they didn’t want to get their hair wet.  We lovingly called him the ‘splasher’.

His death has got me thinking about life, especially in the autumn years.  I look around at most of my neighbours whose physical activity seems to focus on mowing the lawn and tending the garden and whose social activity ranges from family gatherings to absolutely nothing.  I compare them to the Aquafit gang who daily come to the pool with stories of having friends over for dinner, craft meetings, antique hunting, country outings, the latest charity fund raisers, local bluegrass festivals, the downtown market, apple picking, river walks – you name it, they do it.

Life can be short.  It doesn’t matter how healthy we are, our number can be up at any moment.  Thank your Maker for each and every day.  You can sit around and wait for it, or you can live life.  Smell the roses.  Talk to your neighbours.  Join a group.  Go for a walk.  Enjoy.   

We Are One

There are two times in my life when I truly felt like the border between Canada and the United States didn’t exist: first when John F. Kennedy was assassinated and second when the World Trade Center was attacked. I remember each as though it was yesterday.

I was a young schoolgirl when someone knocked at the door of our classroom and whispered into our teacher’s ear. She stood at the front with her eyes to the floor gathering her thoughts for a moment and then said, “Someone shot the President”. She didn’t say the President of The United States, she just said the ‘president’. I remember feeling that JFK was ‘our’ President.

On September 11, 2001, I was working as a consultant from my home office. Another consultant and I were in the middle of a conference call with an American client when they suddenly interjected into our presentation with, “Something terrible has happened and we have to go” and they disconnected the call. We turned on the TV to see the horrible images of a plane hitting the first tower. It was only a few moments that we wondered if this could be an accident when the news broke of a second plane. This was no accident. This was war. We were horrified. We were one.

In the days and weeks that followed, the border between the United States and Canada didn’t exist. We were one. We were family. We did what families do. We felt the pain, we commiserated with each other, we pitched in to help. We watched the news for hours on end to watch evil take over as other planes were hijacked. We accepted hundreds of planes to still the air over North America and offered refuge to each of their passengers. There was no divide between us. We were one.

Canada accepted 238 planes that day in Vancouver, Halifax, and other cities. Gander, Newfoundland, a community of less than 10,000 accepted 37 planes with 6700 people. Their story has since been made famous via the celebration Come From Away now playing throughout the U.S. and Canada as well as London, England and Melbourne, Australia. We were one.

In the last few years, the border has begun to slowly reappear. Politics have tried to play havoc with our relationship. I now know that he is your president, not ours. Many Canadians cautiously watch as he blunders through each day ripping through previous logical progress in trade, climate change solutions and women’s rights. In spite of that, deep in our hearts, we know that whatever happens in the United States, Canadians will be affected.

Today we remember. We remember the devastation of 9/11. We remember the heroes. We remember those who died and those who carried on. We are one.

Margaret Atwood Says It’s Time to Bother

Canadian poet and author of fiction, children’s fiction and best-selling novels, Margaret Atwood is most recently best known as the creator of The Handmaid’s Tale – original book published in 1983 and transformed in the popular Hulu TV series (2017 – present) of the same name.  She is deeply involved in the development of the series and even made a cameo appearance in an episode.

Ms Atwood says the book, the movie, the series follow one axiom: “You can’t put anything in that doesn’t have a precedent in human history”. Her sequel, The Testaments will hit bookstores today.  She wrote The Testaments for two reasons:  one because people kept asking questions about the ending of her book The Handmaid’s Tale; and two because she sees women’s rights under threat.

For those of you who have not yet read the book or seen the TV series, the Handmaid’s Tale story is that of a young wife and mother caught up in the dystopian Republic of Gilead – formerly the United States.  When environmental toxins made most of the population infertile, right-wing religious extremists created a state wherein fertile women by law became ‘baby machines’ each serving the head of a totalitarian household.  Some have found the series slow-moving, but for three seasons I have been riveted to my livingroom chair.  There have been times when I have been enthralled and moments I’ve had to look away from horrific scenes, but I thirst for the next season.

Although Margaret Atwood says that Trump is not a Gileadian figure, she does say, “We are probably close to it in some States”.  She says there are other figures in the United States and around the world who want to rollback women’s rights.  She also said that in 1999 she wouldn’t have bothered to write a sequel, but now it’s time to bother.  I guess so:  Protesters have dressed in Handmaid’s Tale garb to protest numerous women’s rights issues, most recently the abortion law in Alabama.

Gee, I wonder how many American Republicans, Canadian Conservatives and right-wing politicians world wide have read The Handmaid’s Tale or will read The Testaments.  I would bet not.